Top Ten Things We Need to Say about Racism
01 Racist murders
Between 2000 and 2013, the per capita rate of murders with a known or suspected racist element in Scotland was higher than in the rest of the UK - 1.8 murders per million people in the population compared to 1.3.
Calculations based on official population estimates from the Office for National Statistics and records of murders with a known or suspected racist element compiled by the Institute of Race Relations.
02 Racist violence
There were 4,807 racist incidents recorded by the police in 2013-2014, which is a 3.9% increase from 2012-2013. This is approximately 92 per week, and is almost certainly the only tip of the iceberg. According to the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service, racial hate crime remains the most commonly reported hate crime in Scotland, with 3,875 charges reported in 2014-2015, or nearly 75 per week.
In the three years leading to 2013, poverty was significantly higher for minority ethnic groups, with racial inequality cited as one of the contributors to the widening gap between the richest and poorest in society. Before housing costs, 30% of people from minority ethnic backgrounds were in poverty in 2014-17, compared to 16% of white British individuals and 14% of other white ethnic groups. After housing costs, 36% of people from minority ethnic groups were in poverty, compared to 18% for white British individuals and 24% of other white ethnic groups.
Those from non-white minority ethnic groups are unemployed at a higher rate than those from white ethnic groups, with 5.0% of those from white ethnic groups, 8.0% of those from mixed or multiple ethnic groups, 6.5% of those from Asian ethnic groups, 11.2% of those from Caribbean or Black ethnic groups, 15.4% of those from African ethnic groups, and 7.8% of those from other ethnic groups unemployed.
05 Public sector discrimination
2011-2012 figures showed that, for local authority jobs, even after the interview stage, white candidates were almost twice as likely to be appointed as BME candidates. As of 2014, just 1.3% of police staff, 1.1% of local authority staff, and 0.85% of fire service staff are from a non-white minority ethnic community are BME, despite making up more than 4% of Scotland’s population.
06 Employment discrimination
Department for Work and Pensions research (which included employers in Scotland) showed a person with a ‘BME name’ had to send an application away 16 times to achieve a successful response compared to the 9 times for someone with a ‘white name’ - even though they were submitting the same application.
While at school-leaving age, non-white minority ethnic pupils are overall outperforming white ethnic pupils, they are under-represented in higher education and their educational attainment does not necessarily result in appropriate advantages in the job market.
08 Elected Office
Research has shown that non-white minority ethnic communities are over-represented in private renting, but under-represented in home ownership and social housing, leaving groups more vulnerable to unstable letting and more expensive rents. Studies have also demonstrated that minority ethnic households are more likely to suffer overcrowding and that some ethnic groups are overrepresented in homelessness applications compared to the total population.
22% of people in Scotland feel that there is sometimes a good reason to be prejudiced against certain groups. 19% of those from a non-white minority ethnic group reported experiencing discrimination, compared to 6% of those from a white ethnic group.